How Do People Learn and Reason From Experience? Understanding Inductive Reasoning - Professor Brett Hayes

What is this research about?

Inductive reasoning involves using your experience or observations to draw conclusions or make predictions (e.g., the climate is getting warmer each year in many countries, so I expect that the whole planet is warming; this share price has risen for the past week, so I expect it will rise again tomorrow).

We all use such reasoning to help us navigate our daily activities and achieve our goals. This project seeks to understand the cognitive processes that underlie inductive reasoning and how this ability develops over the early part of the life span.

Publications relating to this research:

Sweller, N., & Hayes, B. K. (2014). The development of induction based on noun and feature labels. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 21, 1048-1055

Hayes, B. K., Lim, M. (2013). Development, awareness and inductive selectivity, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 39, 821-831

Hayes, B. K. & Rehder, B. (2012). The development of causal categorization. Cognitive Science, 36, 1102-1128.

Hayes, B. K., Heit, E. & Swendsen, U. (2010). Inductive Reasoning. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 1, 278-292.

Lab:

To find out more information about this research, contact Professor Brett Hayes.